Various national and international authorities have statutory responsibility for dealing with oil spills which affect coastlines within their jurisdiction, which increasingly includes responding to oiled wildlife incidents. Oiled wildlife response planning normally involves authorities responsible for dealing with oil spills at sea and on the shoreline, as well as those tasked with managing and protecting sensitive habitats.
This ensures that oiled wildlife response is integrated fully into the wider oil spill response, so that wildlife aspects are recognised and supported and information or resources can be more easily shared. Such authorities may include:
- The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as host to many of the intergovernmental treaties on oil spill response. (Further information on these conventions and treaties, as well as other key players can be found here).
- A maritime organisation such as the navy, coast guard or ports authority, often the lead authority in oil spill response.
- Environmental authorities, usually responsible for habitat and wildlife risk evaluation, protection and/or restoration.