In 2006, three European projects were co-financed with a grant from the Community Framework for Cooperation on Accidental and Deliberate Marine Pollution, European Commission:
- European Oiled Wildlife Response Planning
- Handbook on Seabird Population Impact Assessment
- Oiled Wildlife Rehabilitation Workshop and Handbook
As part of these projects, three workshops were organised and tools were developed to improve the level of oiled wildlife preparedness and response in EU Member States, Norway and Iceland. The proposal for a European Oiled Wildlife Response Plan was developed based on the conclusions and recommendations that came out of the three workshops, with the Response Planning project serving as the overarching programme.
The European Union also funded :
RIOS (Reducing the Impact of Oil Spills) focused on determining research needed to reduce impacts of oil on wildlife, while EnSaCo (Environment and Safety Management Cooperation on Shoreline Oil Spill Response) brought together relevant authorities and NGOs in Estonia, Finland, Sweden and Russia working on joint oil spill response.
In 2009, an Operating Grant was awarded to Sea Alarm through the Financial Instrument for the Environment LIFE+ programme to set up the EMPOWER network, designed as a means of developing tools and mechanisms allowing NGOs to develop their expertise together for responding to oiled wildlife incidents.
Since these foundation projects, EU funding has been secured to further develop European expertise in developing oiled wildlife preparedness and response via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism Financial Instrument. Two projects have been co-financed: